Building on the lessons from previous months, you will continue to learn about expressing weather conditions. This month, we will introduce phrases that are used to describe past progressive conditions as well as changes in weather conditions .
1. Past progressive
(noun) + ga + (te-form of a verb) + imashita
To make the past progressive form of a verb, you simply change the “imasu” of the present progressive form to “imashita.” Compare the following examples:
Ame ga futteimasu. (It’s raining.)
Ame ga futteimashita. (It was raining.)
Tsuyoi kaze ga fuiteimasu. (A strong wind is blowing.)
Tsuyoi kaze ga fuiteimashita. (A strong wind was blowing.)
It’s good to remember these structures as a pair.
2. Expressing a change of condition that has been completed
(noun or na-adjective) + ni + natte + kimashita
(nai-form of i-adjective) + natte + kimashita
These are used to express a change of condition that is now completed.
Atatakaku natte kimashita. Haru desu ne. (It has gotten warm. It’s spring, isn’t it?)
The following structures are used to express change in the future:
3. Expressing a condition that is going to change
(noun or na-adjecive) + ni + natte + ikimasu
(nai-form of i-adjective) + natte + ikimasu
Go-gatsu desu. Korekara motto atatakaku natte ikimasu. (It’s May. It’s going to get warmer from now on.)
You can see from these two examples that it’s easy to use “kimashita” and “ikimasu” depending on what you are going to say.